Culturally insensitive terms such as “handicapped,” “retarded” and “slow” used to refer to people with disabilities, or “compliments” such as “but you look so good,” directed at people whose disabilities aren’t obvious.“These terms are unacceptable because they are linked to a history that the general public isn’t aware of,” says Nancy Starnes, vice president and chief of staff for the National Organization on Disability (NOD).And what’s “wrong” should never be asked.“In the wider community, I have had perfect strangers come up to me and instead of greeting me or saying hello, they say, ‘What’s wrong? ’,” says Tim Vaughn, a marketing director with Eastman Kodak Co.
Read these seven things you should not say to people with disabilities, then read our list of Things ‘to’ Say to People With Disabilities to further improve awareness for diversity and inclusion at your company. While some people may feel comfortable discussing their conditions, these are still very personal questions.
They most definitely should not be the first questions you ask when meeting someone with a disability.
Dual Diagnosis is a term applied to the co-existence of the symptoms of both intellectual or developmental disabilities and mental health problems.
We will clarify the meaning of dual diagnosis in the paragraphs that follow.
Intellectual or developmental disabilities: The American Psychiatric Association defined intellectual disabilities as significantly below average intellectual and adaptive functioning with onset before age 18 years (DSM-IV-TR, 2000).
General intellectual functioning is measured by an individually administered standardized test of intelligence that results in an overall intelligence quotient (IQ) for the individual Significantly subaverage functioning is defined as an IQ score of 70 or below.
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Adaptive behavior refers to the effectiveness with which an individual meets society’s demands of daily living for individuals of his/her age and cultural group.
The measurement of adaptive behavior may include an evaluation of an individual’s skills in such areas as eating and dressing, communication, socialization and responsibility.
This, for some newly diagnosed people, may make dealing with medical issues more difficult.“When people see someone in a wheelchair, they automatically begin making assumptions,” says Vaughn.