By 1740 sugar had replaced indigo as the main crop of Jamaica.
Some of our early Booth and Hayle ancestors were working plots in the 10’s of acres on the Clarendon plains, growing amongst other things, indigo and ginger.
As these technologies found their way to the United States the first examples appeared in the 1880's; in 1880 Thomas Edison tested an experimental electric locomotive, powered by a dynamo, which was operated on a stretch of track in Menlo Park, New Jersey. George Hilton and John Due's authoritative piece, "," points out the birth of the true American interurban began when Frank Sprague developed an electric motorcar in 1886 for the New York Elevated Railway whereby the motor(s) were situated between the axle, along with a trolley pole and multiple-unit control stand.
This gave way to the typical streetcar which became such a common sight throughout America.
Interurbans, and their suburban counterparts (the streetcar), were once common throughout the country. The mania began during the late 19th century and spilled over into the early 1900's as thousands of miles were laid down from New England to California.
In retrospect, the financial interests behind these traction railroads were largely misplaced.
Japanese yen - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_yen The yen (Japanese: ? Japanese Yen Exchange Rates - Yen (JPY) Currency Converter ... United States Dollar to Japan Yen com/currencyconverter/convert/?
fx-rate.net/JPY Japanese Yen exchange rates and currency conversion. Track Yen forex rate changes, track Yen historical changes. Amount=1&From=USD&To=JPY USD to JPY currency converter. Get live exchange rates for United States Dollar to Japan Yen.When the British landed in Jamaica in 1655, there was a relatively small Spanish population of about 2500, mainly concentrated in Spanish Town (I use the modern name throughout), with some farmers elsewhere.Jamaica to the Spanish was of use only as a victualling stop for the fleets going to and from the Central American mining colonies.JPY (Japanese Yen) - Latest News, Analysis and Forex ...https:// Latest JPY market news, analysis and Japanese Yen trading forecast from leading Daily FX experts and research team.Ironically, the commuter services inteurbans provided are actually making a comeback as LRT (light rail transit) systems as cities look for alternatives to increasingly crowded highways.